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Implementing Reality Therapy and Lead Management Principles in an Effort to Decrease the Achievement Gap for African American Learners in P-12 Schools
Cynthia Palmer Mason
Professor, Western Kentucky University
The primary purpose of this manuscript is to examine the potential impact reality therapy and lead management can have on decreasing the achievement gap for African American learners in P-12 schools when implemented in comprehensive school counseling programs. The status of academic achievement for African American students in the U.S. will be reviewed in terms of pertinent literature. This will be followed by a review of the implications of the gap, efforts to combat the gap, reality therapy, lead management, and the core tenets of the American School Counselor Association’s National Model. Lastly, implications for training school administrators and suggestions for additional research are explored.
Keywords: Achievement Gap; Reality Therapy; Lead Management; School Counseling Programs